Dynamics and Astrophysics of GalaxiesΒΆ

By Jo Bovy
(last changed December 10, 2021, rev. 022d323; last built December 10, 2021)

Image of NGC 7773

Image of NGC_5679 Arp_274 (HST)

Image of M100

This is an interactive, online graduate textbook on the astrophysics of galaxies. Starting out with the basics of gravitational dynamics on the scale of galaxies, the book contains an in-depth exploration of the dynamical and astrophysical processes that shape the formation and evolution of galaxies in the Universe and an exposition of the main theoretical and observational tools used to study galaxies. Embedded throughout the book are interactive examples and animations, and even Python code examples that you can run without leaving your browser, to explore the astrophysics of galaxies yourself.

This book is currently under construction. Please contact the author with any corrections or other issues (including technical ones) that you find while working through the book. To refer to this version, please cite it as β€œBovy J. Dynamics and Astrophysics of Galaxies. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ (in preparation)”.

Part IV: Galaxy formation and evolution (under construction)


Image credits: NGC 7773: ESA/Hubble & NASA, J. Walsh; NGC 5679 Galaxy Group / Arp 274: NASA, ESA, M. Livio and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA); M100: NASA, ESA and Judy Schmidt.